The Coach’s Son Gets It Done [No. 12 UCLA-20, Texas-17]


By Jeremy Daniels (9/14/14)

In his homecoming to Texas for the Bruins game against the Longhorns, Jerry Neuheisel likely never expected to be carried off the field by his teammates. However when heisman hopeful, Brett Hundley, went down with an injury in the first quarter, the stage was set for the red shirt sophomore son of former UCLA head coach and Quarterback, Rick Neuheisel. 

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A Female Football Fan’s Reaction to the Ray Rice Scandal

By: Nicole Kern (9/11/14)

I have been a football fan since I was 8 years old when my mom explained the rules to me at a peewee football game. Since then I grew into a full-fledged fanatic. I live and die by my team. I rarely miss watching my NFL team play and I spend the entire game jumping, cursing, and sometimes, if we lose, crying. Whenever I mention my obsession people are surprised since I am a girl.

In my 12 years as a football fanatic it has been a fact that the NFL world is not female friendly. I have just grown to accept it. I love the sport and I love proving to the guys that I am just as valuable of a fan as them. I thought that this sexism came from ignorance, until this week. As anybody that follows any sort of news knows, the video of Baltimore Raven’s Ray Rice punching his fiancé Janay Palmer unconscious was released this week.

The altercation occurred in February and NFL Commissioner Roger Goodell suspended Rice for a laughable two games. The Ravens even held a press conference about the incident with Rice and his new wife. Not once did Rice apologize to Palmer. The Ravens even tweeted after that Palmer apologized for her role. After months of public outrage the NFL crafted a stricter policy against domestic violence. This seemed to placate most people and the focus shifted to the beginning of a new season. Then when Rice is preparing to play in his first game after suspension, TMZ released a video showing Rice punch Palmer and her falling to the ground unconscious and him dragging her limp body out of the elevator. Within hours Rice was cut from the Ravens and was suspended from the NFL indefinitely. Goodell claimed he had never seen this second tape and even sent a letter to all NFL coaches describing the steps he took to try to procure the tape from New Jersey Police. New Jersey Police says they did send the tape to NFL executives. Currently former FBI director Robert Mueller will investigate how the league handled the Rice affair.

I am now told I should boycott the NFL or I am a hypocrite that does not respect myself. Ray Rice’s actions and the aftermath sicken me. There is no excuse for a man to ever hit a woman, especially when that man is twice her size and is a professional athlete. There is also no excuse for the NFL and the Ravens to try to cover it up. 44% of football fans are women and it is atrocious for the league to disregard them like this. The sexism that I always tried to conquer is not just boys being ignorant, but instead is institutional. I do not want to just give up on the NFL, because it is flawed. I want to be a part of the solution. When these issues come up (and sadly they do often) I want to be there to push for changes to be made.

There is hope in the NFL. Many players and ESPN commentators have condemned Goodell, Rice, and the NFL in general for how they handled this. I do not want to abandon football instead I want to call on the NFL to fire commissioner Roger Goodell and force Steve Bisciotti, owner of the Ravens, to sell the team. This story can go from “the darkest week in the history of the league” to the opening of a dialogue on sexism in sports, domestic violence, and even player accountability. Again I am going to choose to rise above it and keep hoping that the sport I love will start meeting my expectations.

The Fall of Troy: USC Continues the Drama this Preseason

Article by: Nicole Kern (Aug 30, 2014)

USC may finally be off of NCAA probation, but the team’s misbehavior is not over. USC has survived many scandals including OJ Simpson, the returned Heisman, and the stripping of the BCS title. This past week can be added to the list. Two scandals broke this week leading to the removal of two USC players and ESPN anchor John Anderson calling the school “a clown college”.

Josh Shaw, a USC Senior Cornerback and team captain, admitted to lying about saving a drowning nephew to cover up how he actually sustained high ankle sprains and subsequently has been suspended indefinitely. Shaw said the sprain occurred this past Saturday when he jumped from a second story window of an apartment building to save his 7-year-old nephew. Only after USC received many phone calls questioning the incident did Shaw admit that he had fabricated the story. “We are extremely disappointed in Josh,” said USC head football coach Steve Sarkisian. “He let us all down.” USC touted Shaw’s heroism on its website and posted a link to the story on Twitter. Media outlets reported the account and it went viral over social media adding to the school’s embarrassment from the incident. Shaw’s attorney says the true story is that Josh fell from a balcony, but LAPD is now questioning Shaw in connection to a break in of his girlfriend’s apartment. Shaw’s fate with the team now hangs in a balance, as does USC’s football season.

This incident would be enough to derail USC’s football program as they prepared to face Saturday’s opening game against Fresno, but they also had to deal with allegations from senior cornerback Andrew Brown. Brown claims that Steve Sarkisian is a racist, which caused him to quit the team. Brown quit the team a weak ago and this past Thursday he posted on Instagram, “Sark treated me like a slave in his Office…Can’t play for a racist MAN!!!!! #Fighton.” Sarkisian was “shocked” and said these claims are “ridiculous”. The posts were later removed. According to Sarkisian Brown quit the team after he was moved from cornerback to running back. Brown has faced numerous injuries in the past two years and only played in two games last season. Many players have come out in defense of Sarkisian, including former USC quarterback Matt Leinart.

These off the field controversies leave many with numerous questions and very little answers. The biggest, how can USC play a successful season with both the team’s captain and their coach being brought into question? USC was able to win their first game against Fresno State 52-13, which has brought some optimism to USC’s situation.

Album Review: Fennec - Beloved

By: Taylor Whelchel

Fennec is an enigmatic new presence in the music industry. If you wanted to find out more about him by checking out wikipedia or his various social media accounts, you’d find yourself coming up empty-handed. Named for the adorable fennec fox that’s native to western Africa (which sheds light on why his various profiles list his location as “Western Sahara”), Fennec himself is a college grad based in United States who got his start DJing club nights and house parties during his undergrad years. We also gleaned from his twitter that he loves Taylor Swift (listen to “Woke Up Feeling Disconnected” off his debut LP for what is possibly a distorted vocal sample from Swift’s country-pop “Love Story”), but that’s about all there is in the manner or biographical facts. Fennec’s online persona is mysterious, comedic, and charmingly egomaniacal in unequal parts. But his boastful attitude is justifiably backed up by the maturity of his unique sound, crafted with artistry and precision.

Following shortly behind the early 2014 release of his debut LP, Let Your Heart Break, -which boasts 15 seamless, pulsating tracks- Fennec returns with a new four-track EP, entitled Beloved. His brand of sample-based beats beckons fans of pop, hip-hop and electronic alike and defies the simplicity of genre classifications, which makes this review challenging to write. Where Let Your Heart Break was melancholic pop of varied pace, Beloved, to me, calls more upon house influences. Particularly apparent in “Fall” with the removals and subsequent reprisals of the bassline, it stirs the listener into motion; I find myself swaying and tapping my foot as each song builds. Both “Fall” and “Wraith” exemplify the gritty groove that make a crowd move at any electronic show, but this short EP is anything but one-note. Where almost-abrasive beats are championed in the middle section of the record, the final track opens up into a lush and expansive melody with such purity of sound that it seems to smooth over that abrasive edge of the previous tracks. There’s something soothing about “Blue Spray Jacket,” despite its entirely danceable beat, that leaves me feeling like I’ve spent a day at a spa rather than listening to an electronic album.

The feature that permeates all of Fennec’s music is the artful layering of percussion, melody, and samples - which range from spoken and sung words to laughter and ambient sound - that together yield a signature complexity of sound. That signature is unparalleled and inimitable, and it’s a huge part of what makes Beloved such a compelling sophomore effort from Fennec: one that leaves me wanting more in the best way. In the concluding seconds of this fantastic record, we hear an isolated vocal sample: “I’m just waiting for my time…because when it’s my time, I’m taking it over”. If you ask me, Fennec’s time is soon upon us, and I’m looking forward to it.

Recommended Tracks: Fall, Blue Spray Jacket

Rating: 9/10

Interview with Muscle and Marrow

by Megan Lent

Muscle and Marrow are a great, fairly new band based in Portland, Oregon. I spoke with musician Kira Alexandra Clark about Muscle and Marrow, her influences, and how she makes music.

UCLA Radio: How did Muscle and Marrow form? Where did you get the name?

Kira: Muscle and Marrow went through two formations before this one. I knew that I desperately wanted to play my music, and I also knew I needed other people to do that, as the songs certainly call for additional instrumentation.  I had a couple of bad experiences with the wrong people and finally talked Keith, who is my partner, into playing drums on some recordings. He was playing piano in another band at the time and considered himself a retired drummer, but ultimately I’m pretty persuasive and a year later, here we are. I can’t imagine doing this with anyone else. It’s the most intimate, tedious, and frightening thing I’ve shared with anyone.

The name is a line from a poem I wrote. It references both fragility and strength which I have a lot of, and so does the music.

What are your main musical influences? What kind of genre would you consider yourself a part of, if you consider yourself a part of a genre at all?

Swans, Chelsea Wolfe, The Body, PJ Harvey, Shannon Wright, Fiona Apple. I am drawn to anything completely insane and dark and guttural and to anyone, especially if they’re female, who comes completely unhinged when they perform as though it cannot be avoided. I’ve always felt an otherness and to see anyone, especially a woman, who is utterly mad and commanding and undone is very moving for me.

We have no idea what genre we are in. We know that we like to play with dark bands. We also like to play with heavy bands. Sometimes we refer to our sound as atmospheric doom. Sometimes people refer to it as gothic. We don’t know what anything means.

Are you excited about Portland’s music scene? Or any other cities’? What bands are you really into supporting?

We are just starting to become excited about Portland’s scene. When we first started, we couldn’t find our people. The bands in the Portland scene who get a lot of attention are incredibly talented, but we really had to dig around here to feel any sort of personal community. We think we’re starting to find our people however. It turns out there’s a huge heavy music scene here. You just have to do more than read The Portland Mercury.

Our top two bands right now are Haunted Horses from Seattle and A Volcano from Portland. A Volcano is truly weird and their live show is something close to terrifying and spiritual. 

What are other influences, not musical ones? What inspires you?

Poetry. Artists in general. Women writers. Feminist artists. Experimental performance art. Experimental film. People who devote themselves to art and are not scared of that. My friend Lindsay inspires me. Emily Dickinson inspires me. That sheer desire to create, to make things. I am influenced by any sort of art that unsettles me. Going on walks alone at night inspires me.

What were your favorite albums when you were a teenager? Any “guilty pleasures?”

Alanis Morissette’s Jagged Little Pill, though I think I was a bit younger than a teenager. Nirvana. Neutral Milk Hotel. Bright Eyes. Cursive. Currently I’ve been listening to a lot of Tupac which I also enjoyed as a teenager, though the listening experience this time around has been a much more serious and political one. As far as guilty pleasures go I love, love top 40 rap.

All of your merch and photos have a really great style! Where does it all come from?

Thank you! It became clear that we had to start thinking about “branding.” We had and still have some conflicting emotions about it because it doesn’t seem very pure or organic, but honestly, I am not above vanity and it’s beneficial for us and the music to present ourselves in a certain way. I’m vaguely comfortable with exploring the idea of fashion as an art form or at least a creative expression. The branding is the visual aspect of the music that has to somehow communicate something about the music, so I guess we look at it as fun and necessary, but we’re also unsure ultimately how we feel about ego and image. Anyhow we definitely knew the photos had to be ethereal in nature, feminine but also gritty, like the music. We collaborate with who we’re working with in that regard, but so much of this is DIY at this point, that we’ve definitely had to develop a strong sense of vision for ourselves, and then find the right people to help implement that vision. Maybe one day I will be someone’s artistic prop and they will take my body and do wonderful things with it, and I’ll get to stop worrying about branding. Anyhow we’ve been lucky to have really talented photographers, artists and graphic designers working with us.

What is your songwriting and recording process like?

I write totally alone in my room on a guitar. I write simple, repetitive, droning songs that I wail over. When I’m ready I show little pieces to Keith who then usually starts singing it with me as I play it. Then we take it to the practice space and work on it again and again. Things about the song change in that process. We work on tone, tempo, structure etc. Then he will take the song and create samples to fill it in. That’s when the world is really completed. Once Keith gets a hold of the song it grows flesh over its skeleton.

Our recording process was done entirely analogue. We fought a little bit and I cried a little bit, but mostly it was okay. I’ve learned a lot and I already have ideas concerning the next album. I want to be more meticulous, subtler, patient.

Will you be performing in California any time soon?

Yes! We’re playing San Jose 8/20 at The Rock Shop, Oakland 8/21 at Eli’s Mile High Club, Fresno 8/22, and possibly LA 8/23. All of the details and up to date tour dates can be found at 

Comedy Show Review: Not Too Shabby

by Sara Karim

When you’re a broke college student, a free comedy show is never a bad idea. At midnight on Fridays, the Upright Citizens Brigade Theatre opens its doors to present Not Too Shabby. Hosted by Harris Wittels (Parks and Recreation, Eastbound and Down) and Armen Weitzman (Zach Stone Is Gonna Be Famous, Burning Love), Not Too Shabby is a sketch show wherein comedians of the UCB sketch community test out skits with reckless abandon.

From an exotic dancer who confronts her “stalker” (an unsuspecting audience member) to an improv group (how meta…) dealing with a heckling frat boy, the sketches are refreshing and hilarious. At the very end, the hosts do a small improv scene with two of the writers and stars of The Birthday Boys on IFC that was without question the most enjoyable part of the show.

If you don’t want to go home but you can’t stay wherever you may be, go to UCB and see some of the best and weirdest in comedy. It’s truly well worth your time.

Tim Minchin @ the Wilshire Ebell Theatre 5/29

Last Thursday I had the pleasure of seeing the fantastic musical comedian Tim Minchin, at the Wilshire Ebell Theatre.  As I approached the historical venue that blends very well into a quiet area near Koreatown, the first thing I noticed was the crowd gathered outside: a collection of middle aged pony-tailed men, punky teenagers, nerdy college students, and classy old people. An interesting bunch for an oddball artist.  There was also $1 coffee, tea, and hot cocoa, so the Ebell immediately won my love.

After the full house was seated, the show began.  His entrance onto the stage immediately sent red flags to the audience that “yes, this show is going to make you laugh extremely hard so I hoped you all used the little spectator’s room.”  Mr. Minchin, holding his glass of red wine, strode out onto the stage, wearing his usual all black attire, heavy eyeliner, and sporting mad scientist-like red hair.  He announced that it was his first live show in 2 years, and gave a disclaimer that he didn’t know what was going to happen that night.  Although he stumbled with lyrics a few times, he was always met with laughter and applause, which he responded to with “Fuck You!” in his twangy Australian accent.  
His subjects ranged from the struggles of being ginger (“Prejudice”), to atheism (“Thank You God”) to love (“If I Didn’t Have You”).  At some concerts, I tend to daze of for a bit, listening to the music but zoning out and not being truly present.  However throughout his set I clung to every word, because everything he said and sang was pure gold.  One of his last songs was “Dark Side,” a lengthy ballad which discusses how he responds when a girl tells him he’s lacking emotional depth because of his consistently happy manner.  During the song he hardcore solo’d all over the grand, improvising for about 5 minutes and even sneaking in a quick “Fur Elise” reference.  By the climax he already had us in stitches, but nearly killed everyone at the last chorus by turning on a wind machine to majestically blow his hair.
Three encores later, he bid us goodnight, and everyone filed out of the theatre with a smile on their face. 
Meet the DJs: Winter 2014 Interns

Kareem. 2nd year. Psychology major, English minor. 

Why did you decide to join UCLARadio?
I am a big fan of sharing stories and/or information over different forms of media and radio was definitely one of them. Also, I’ve interned before and really love the people here. Big fan of wearing those headphones too. 

What’s been your favorite album released in the past year?
Sixth Street EP by Yuna. I love the soulful, jazzy type music she creates with killer lyrics to beat. I think she brings a very unique form of personality to the indie music scene, adding a little bit diversity and originality to an already convoluted genre: a very difficult thing to do. But maybe I’m bias because she is from Malaysia, and so am I.

Brenda. 2nd year. Music History major.

Why did you decide to join UCLARadio?
I joined Radio because I thought it was a cool way to show people music because I get really joyous when I do. I also joined because I always thought the people in Radio were cool (which they are).

What’s been your favorite album released in the past year?
My favorite album of this past year would have to be Matangi by M.I.A. because she’s just super duper awesome. She’s such a big inspiration to me and her music is on point. The beats and powerful lyrics bring it hard

Recommended tracks:
"Come Walk With Me"
"Bad Girls"
"Double Bubble Trouble"
"Bring the Noize".

Jimmy. 2nd year. Microbiology, Immunology, Molecular Genetics major.

Why did you decide to join UCLARadio?
Being stuck in south campus most of the time, I don’t get much social interaction outside of a few ‘Hi’s.’ Classes are competitive and seldom do people want to make friends, and if they do, most interaction revolves around schoolwork. Radio seemed like a great opportunity to get together with people who have similar interests and diversify my social circle at UCLA. 

What’s been your favorite album released in the past year?
Oneohtrix Point Never - ‘R Plus Seven.’ R Plus Seven is an absolutely lucid listening experience. Much of the album consists of eerie minimalist synth compositions that sound reminiscent of the music that backed early 90’s television bumpers or instructional videos. OPN’s use of bright, yet cold textures provides a fresh new perspective on the beginning of the digital age of consumer electronics , one that that is equally nostalgic and haunting. 

Recommended tracks:
"Inside World"

Alexandra. 4th year. Geography major.

Why did you decide to join UCLARadio?
I used to be OBSESSED with Frasier. I thought it was the coolest thing ever that he went to work and got on the radio and talked to people all day and gave them advice on air. This was my happy place! And I listen to the radio all the time and often find myself wishing I was there to give my input. When I saw that there was UCLARadio I really hopped on board because I wanted to get involved and wanted to explore this field since I can never make up my mind about what career I might want. 

What’s been your favorite album released in the past year?
Avicii: True. It is a super feel good album, not only good for getting pumped up but good for just driving around. 

Recommended tracks:
"Wake Me Up"
"Hey Brother"

Desiree. 1st year. Global Studies major.

Why did you decide to join UCLARadio?
I joined radio because I like sharing my music with other people and other people sharing their music with me.Plus, who doesn’t want to be a DJ at some point in their life? 

What’s been your favorite album released in the past year?
Favorite albums of the past year would have to be Love is the law by The Memories and Ride your heart by Bleached.

Recommended tracks:
"En Espanol" by The Memories
"Dead Boy" by Bleached

Bryce. 1st year. Undecided.

Why did you decide to join UCLARadio?
I joined radio because I wanted to get involved with some of the media groups on campus and radio had such a funky vibe to it. Plus, also, I knew some people already in radio and they’re real whackos so that could only bode good things.

What’s been your favorite album released in the past year?
My current favorite album from this past year would be The Hands That Thieve from Streetlight Manifesto. I’ve been a fan of them for so long and they don’t put out a lot of albums. I think they’ve also stopped touring…anyway it was just nice to hear something from them again. They’re ska punk but I like to think of them as really long epics with a hornline. Darker than Reel Big Fish, less spastic than Bomb the Music Industry!, and bit more punk than The Toasters. They’ve got a lot of energy and really solid ideas. 

Recommended tracks:
"Oh Me, Oh My"
"With Any Sort of Certainty"
"They Broke Him Down"

Megan. 3rd year. Comparative Literature major.

Why did you decide to join UCLARadio?
I decided to join radio because I’m obsessed with making mixes and love sharing my weird songs-of-the-moment with people.

What’s been your favorite album released in the past year?
Face album is a tie between Modern Vampires of the City and Yeezus.

Recommended tracks:
"Hannah Hunt" by Vampire Weekend
"Unbelievers" by Vampire Weekend
"Bound 2" by Kanye West
"Blood on the Leaves" by Kanye West

Eva. 1st year. History major.

Why did you decide to join UCLARadio?
I joined radio so I could play music I love and learn about how a station works!

What’s been your favorite album released in the past year?
One of my favorite albums from this past year would have to be whysowhite by whysowhite. The album is fresh funk out of Chicago and in this debut album of theirs, really blends strong instrumentation with upbeat and quickly lyricism. I adore them!

Colin. 3rd year. History major.

Why did you decide to join UCLARadio?
Joined radio because I dig music and it seemed like a great way to get involved!

What’s been your favorite album released in the past year?
B-Room by Dr.Dog. Catchy melodies, vocal harmonies, guitar solos. It’s got everything!

Issa. First year. Political Science major.

Why did you decide to join UCLARadio?
I joined radio because I love music and making playlists and the idea of independent radio in general.

What’s been your favorite album released in the past year?
Time by Alex Calder. It was released almost a full year ago but I can’t stop listening to it. It’s got an odd, dreamy, disjointed feel to it that fits right into the malaise that fills me during my morning walk to class, as well as melodies that have me humming about it even after the morning grog is worn-off.

Recommended tracks:
"Suki and Me"

-by Sara Haenny and Ashley Helm

South China Sea Conflict: Vietnam vs. China

by Justin Duong

In the South China Sea, tensions between China and Vietnam have increased with recent developments over disputed territories called the Xisha Islands in China and Hoang Sa Islands in Vietnam. The conflict began in May when China’s state-owned oil company, the China National Offshore Oil Corporation, installed an oil-rig in territories that both Vietnam and China claim rights to. The Vietnamese consider the offending rig’s installation to be a violation of international law because it believes the territory to be theirs, while China claims the territory as part of its “continental shelf” and sees the installation of the rig as an avenue to advance its geopolitical agenda. China’s escort and installation of the rig, which was escorted by naval ships, has provoked Vietnam to move several of its own boats as buffers, creating a tense situation that has been exacerbated by the sinking of a Vietnamese fishing ship by a Chinese equivalent. On the domestic front, angry Vietnamese protestors attacked Chinese businesses in Vietnam, “smashing down gates and setting fire to businesses, attacking anything deemed to be of Chinese origin…” These developments have strained the relationship between the two countries; however, the result may very well end in China’s benefit because an armed conflict is unlikely – it is irrational for both to engage in violence – leaving the bargaining range to consist of economic affairs. China’s economy is vastly superior to that of Vietnam’s and since Vietnam relies heavily on foreign investment, Vietnam will eventually have to yield to a less-than-favorable agreement.

Further reading: CNN International

Bilderberg’s Birthday

By Sheehan Parker

No, Bilderberg is not a friend of yours that you need to rush onto facebook and congratulate after realising it’s their birthday.  Rather, Bilderberg is a top secret conference, held every year in Europe, and attended by the most powerful Western players in the fields of finance, industry, and, of course, politics.  The meeting, which convened a week ago in Copenhagen and finished on Sunday, is celebrating its sixtieth anniversary.  The corpus of attendees is comprised of influential and powerful westerners, with a total of 21 western nations being represented.  According to the BBC, roughly two thirds of the 140 or so attendees hail from European powers, the other third from the North American power(s).  What’s more, roughly a third of the attendees are from policy and political fields, while the rest represent their positions in finance and industry.

The topics up for discussion this year, as released by the Bilderberg group, include questions naturally of the upmost importance to the wealthy western industrialists: issues regarding the Ukraine, big shifts in technologies and jobs, and “Is the economic recovery sustainable?”.  It also includes loftier questions, questions ostensibly being determined by the very attendees themselves: “The future of democracy,” “Does privacy really exist?” and “How special is the relationship in intelligence sharing?”.  Perhaps most telling, is the topics of discussion which are geographically removed from the western conference.  Though there are no representatives at the conference from middle eastern nations, and China is the only represented western nation, and only marginally represented at that, the topics include “The new architecture of the Middle East,” and “China’s political and economic outlook.”  Who are the people in these discussions? And do they have the power to change the world based on the revelations the could be made at this secretive conference?

Yes, they do have the power.  The chairman of the conference, French industrialist Henri de la Croix de Castries, is himself the CEO of the largest insurance company in France.  Perhaps more telling is the presence of former director of the NSA Alexander Keith, Swedish and Spanish ministers of foreign affairs, and of course the Supreme Commander of Allied Troops in Europe Phillip Breedlove; all of whom are nestled cozily amongst representatives such as Benoit Coeure, a member of the Executive Board of the European Central Bank, and George Zanias, chairman of the National Bank of Greece, among others.

I realise all this name dropping can be dizzying, and I wish I could get on to what was actually said at the conference- unfortunately, that is all secret.  The conference is closed to the press, and while members are free to discuss what was said, they are not to disclose the names or affiliations of the speakers.  When Al Jeezera asked a spokesman for the conference if it would have any tangible effects on current events, he responded that while the conference has no desired outcome, “we cannot comment on this issue.”  Well, when a room of the wealthiest and most powerful people in the world discuss current events, I don’t see how it could not have an impact on the world.  Ultimately, the Bilderberg Conference is a tangible example of the intersection between money and power which the people of the world feel every day; and it is exclusively the advice and considerations of western financiers and industrialists that the leaders of Europe and North America listened to for the past week.